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Madarász Aladár

Haknigazdaság és vállalkozói aktivitás
2016. június 06.

Gordon Burtch


University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management

Seth Carnahan


University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business

Brad N. Greenwood


Temple University - Department of Management Information Systems

March 7, 2016 - http://papers.ssrn.com

Ross School of Business Paper No. 1308

Abstract:     
We examine how the entry of gig-economy platforms influences local entrepreneurial activity. On one hand, such platforms may reduce entrepreneurial activity by offering stable employment for the un- and under-employed. On the other hand, such platforms may enable entrepreneurial activity by offering work flexibility that allows the entrepreneur to re-deploy resources strategically in order to pursue her nascent venture. To resolve this tension we exploit a set of natural experiments, the entry of the ride-sharing platform Uber X and the on-demand delivery platform Postmates into local areas. We examine the effect of each on crowdfunding campaign launches at Kickstarter, the world’s largest reward-based crowdfunding platform. Results indicate a negative and significant effect on crowdfunding campaign launches, and thus local entrepreneurial activity, after entry of Uber X or Postmates. Strikingly, the effect appears to accrue primarily to un-funded and under-funded projects, suggesting that gig-economy platforms predominantly reduce lower quality entrepreneurial activity by offering viable employment for the un- and under-employed.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 36

Keywords: gig economy, digital platforms, innovation, crowdfunding, entrepreneurship, difference in difference, natural experiment


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2018-03-14 11:16:49